Music and art are at the forefront of the offerings Vienna can provide. A remarkable number of world-renowned composers throughout history have lived and worked in Vienna, including Mozart and Beethoven, and their influence is still treasured. The city stays true to its artistic and musical roots, and holidays to Vienna cannot be without a visit to any one of the array of opera houses, theatres, museums and galleries the city houses.
Food in Vienna
Coffeehouses have been a part of the city's culinary heritage since the 17th century. Therefore, a holiday to Vienna must include a beverage and pastry delicacy enjoyed in one of these social establishments. The Viennese not only eat and drink in coffeehouses, but they also enjoy reading, playing cards and catching up with friends, making coffeehouses more like an extension of their own living space. Vienna is also known for its taverns, offering musical entertainment while sipping on young sour wine, known as Heuriger, to the locals. Other famous Viennese dishes that cannot be missed during a holiday to Vienna include veal schnitzel (Wiener schnitzel), hot apple strudel (Apfelstrudel) and dumplings (Knödel).
Vienna is known for its agreeable and temperate climate, sheltered from extreme weather by the outlaying hills. The city experiences cool evening breezes in the summertime, bringing relief from the day's heat. The winter time brings with it some snow and ice, but rainfall is generally low, making Vienna holidays possible all year round. The average temperature is 11.4°C (52.5°F), providing a pleasant climate for wandering and exploring all Vienna has to offer.
History of Vienna
With evidence of inhabitants as early as the Old Stone Age, Vienna developed under the occupancy of the Celts, then the Romans and subsequently the Barvarians. In 1278, the reign of the Habsburg monarchy began, a ruling that lasted over 600 years. The city grew to be a leader in the areas of fine arts and science during the Renaissance and later, during the Reformation in the 16th century, Vienna underwent a period of rebuilding, resulting in the famous Baroque architecture the city is known for today.
More recently, during the late 19th century, redevelopment of the city centre occurred, providing the well-known Ringstrasse boulevard and the greenery and parks still seen today. By the 20th century, modern art movements such as Art Nouveau were taking hold in the city, and Vienna nurtured the talents of painters such as Alfred Kubin and Gustav Klimt. In 1918, the Habsburg rule ended and a German-Austrian republic was established. But the republic soon failed and an authoritarian regime was implemented. This was a difficult time for the once great city, followed by occupancy by the Nazis in 1938. In 1945, the city was liberated by the Soviets and in 1955, Vienna gained independence after working for many years to rebuild the city.
Today, it has regained a great deal of its reputation, known as a meeting place for international committees and as a seat for world organisations. Vienna is also home to a number of United Nations organisations.
General Information about Vienna
To make your holiday as smooth as possible, we’ve outlined some general information that may be helpful to you when planning your next getaway to Vienna.
- Currency: Euro (€)
- Local Time: Ireland/UK Time +1 hour
- Passport: A valid passport is required for this holiday. EU citizens do not need a visa, however non-EU citizens should check requirements.
- Flight Duration: Approx. 2 hours and 30 minutes. Vienna airport is located 16km southeast of the city. Approximate journey time to the city centre is 25 minutes.
Average Prices for Region
- Coffee: €2.50
- Beer: €3.50
- Glass of wine: €3.30
- Main course: €12.00-€17.00
- Soft Drink: €2.80
- Bottled Water: €2.50
- Your valid passport
- A continental plug adaptor
- A rain jacket
- A small backpack
- Comfortable shoes